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Those who are familiar with CSS and PHP know how good it is to only change one line and see all changes propagate through the elements you’ve changed.
Well, today we’ll see how to do something similar to this with Photoshop, so when your client asks you to change your background from 90% black to 92.37% black you can do it in no time.
First of all, it is nice to know about the basics. Smart Objects are layers that store data as external sources, so you can make use of them in your document non destructively.
Think about them as one file linked with a layer, so if you make any changes to the layer (rotate, distort, apply filters and effects and many other things) your source file remains intact and you can always go back to the original version, but if you change your original source it will affect all layers that point to this “file”.
Another important feature is that you can have several smart objects pointing to the same source. So if you have, for example, a button that is repeated 10 times, you can make all those layers point to the same source, and when you change the source you’ll change all of them automatically (you can also make them not to propagate these changes by copying as new smart object, but we have to talk about this another time).
Finally, this is a nice feature also for the front-end developer since it makes much easier to keep transparency and a lot of other effects when you export objects to make better use of CSS techniques (and save time, of course).
We’ll use the cubicle free psd theme as our base theme so we will just edit it here in order to have a “smarter” approach. Also, all these techniques are much easier to do when you’re just starting your project, of course, so don’t worry too much if something just looks like it’ll need a work.
First of all, let’s see how to create a smart object. You just have to select the elements you want to be part of the smart object source, right click them and select “Convert to Smart Object” as follows. After that a different icon will be shown, and you’ll know that it is definitely a Smart Object.
In this layout we have simple buttons, but if you want to change it in the future it will be much easier.
Now we need to copy this element to use it in other places. Just press CTRL+J and you’ll have another smart object from the same source as the original, so if you change one you’ll change all of them.
Now let’s edit this button. So double click in the item’s icon and you’ll open the smart object as a Photoshop file.
After editing your element you must to save it in same location (just CTRL + S and you’ll be fine). So after some editing you’ll have both smart objects updated.
So let’s say you like to try out all possible combinations before defining the best one. It is pretty hard to try out a lot of color combinations when you do it in the traditional way (layer fill). Well, but if you do it via smart objects it’ll be really easy to try out more and more combinations.
Again, looking at our sample layout, we don’t have many colors but almost any element there is orange. So let’s pick up the non-textual element and use this technique. This will be the changed objects:
I’ve created a small smart object with an orange square and put this square where is the slideshow orange arrow, and the orange “latest from blog” box. So by this time we’ll just have a common square in top of the box and the slideshow arrow.
Now you need to use this smart object square as background for anything you do. When you change the color of this smart object, all the elements that share this color will be updated also.
For example, to get the arrow the easiest way that I thought is to make it as a mask for our color smart object, via add vector mask tool (bottom of layer panel).
So, despite the fact that our basic smart object is just a square, when we mask it, it’ll just look like an arrow.
To get the box you’ll need 3 elements:
This is our final smart objects:
If you make all these things if you want to change your basic color palette you’ll just have to change that first color smart object (just pick any of the duplicated elements).
You could also do all your icon set, markers or even text styles via Smart Objects. You’ll add them all in the same source and then do what I call “Photoshop Spriting”. I call it this because it has the same logic as CSS Sprites. All elements will be in a part of the smart object but you’ll just hide others with layer masks, as we’ve done with the arrow.
So, let’s say you have three icons from the same set (SEO, Web Development and print design) you just have to merge them all as one smart object, and when you use one, you’ll have to hide others. For the first icon your mask will look like this (hidden content shown in red area):
The same way you can store all your main headings or basic dummy text and when you need to change anything in your typography or text colors you’ll just have to edit one “file”: your smart object!
So, have you ever done a layout this way? Do you wanna try it?
This is definitely just a starting point. Do you think it could be useful for you? Share your thoughts with us!
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I'm a web designer and entrepreneur from Itajubá (MG), Brasil. I love writing about obscure topics and doing some cool stuff. And also I do some FREE stuff, check it out: http://www.roch.com.br/